Feeding and Care

One of the things I love most about Nigerian Dwarfs is their adaptability. When researching the breed once, I came across a photo of their ancestors, the West African Dwarf, begging for kitchen scraps outside an urban kitchen stoop, where they’d stop after foraging around the city and surrounding fields. They can thrive under widely varied conditions – just ask a few breeders what and how they feed and you’ll hear numerous different–yet effective–methods.

Around here, my feeding choices revolve around my ultimate goal – to produce thrifty, hardy animals that can live without a lot of external inputs and concentrates.

Your choices are likely going to be different than ours, and that’s perfectly okay for both of us. If you’re buying goats from us, this is meant to help you see how we manage in order to get you started with ideas for your own management and/or to help transition your new goats over to your own methods.

Hay
All of our animals–bucks, does, pigs, rabbits–get free choice alfalfa hay year round. When pasture is available, we rotational graze but bring milking does back in the barn at night so they can stock up on alfalfa.

A few weeks before kidding, I try to add in a little grass hay, but I’m very casual about when and how much they get.

Grain
Nowhere in the natural history of animals have they plunked down in a grain field to eat pounds of concentrates every single day. This is not only costly, but also, in my opinion, detrimental to the long term health of my herd.

Only milking does get grain and only as much as they can eat while they’re being milked. The grain they eat is a mix we mix up ourselves that consists of 2 parts lentils, 1 part whole barley, 1 part whole oats and 1 part black oil sunflower seeds. We’re experimenting with fermented feeds this year (2017) and I hope to try using the same mix, only fermented, for does on the stand.

Minerals
Minerals are a critical element to having a healthy herd. We feed Redmond Naturals-90 with added selenium and also Sweetlix loose minerals. These are available free choice in multiple feeders. When funds allow, we include kelp mixed with herbal dewormer – I hope to move to doing this free choice year round this year.

Supplements
Twice a year, in July and January, we copper bolus and administer Bo-Se shots. We are deficient in both copper and selenium in our area, and these supplements make a big difference in overall health, reproductive health and parasite resistance.

Deworming
We check goats using FAMACHA scoring to worm only when needed. Our everyday choice is Ivermectin and we rarely need to use it. Eventually, we will move 100% back to Land of Havilah herbal wormers; I’m still getting organized after the Big Move.